© 1998-2007 Dieter Kraus.
Ελλάδα (Griechenland / Greece)
of Greece (11 June 1975) (in English, via ICL and the University of
Berne) - extracts:
In the name of the Holy and Consubstantial and Indivisible Trinity,
the Fifth Constitutional Assembly of Greece votes:
Part I. Fundamental Provisions
Section II. Relations between Church and State
Article 3 [Relations between Church and State]
(1) The prevailing religion in Greece is that of the Eastern Orthodox
Church of Christ. The Orthodox Church of Greece acknowledging as its head
Our Lord Jesus Christ is indissolubly united in doctrine with the Great
Church of Constantinople and every other Church of Christ of the same doctrine.
It observes steadfastly, as they do, the holy apostolic and synodical canons
and the holy tradition. It is autocephalous, exercising its sovereign rights
independently of any other church, and is administered by the Holy Synod
of Bishops and the Parliament Holy Synod which emanates from the former
and is constituted in accordance with the Constitutional Chart of the Church
and the provisions of the Patriarchal Document of 29 June 1850 and the
Synodal Deed of 4 September 1928.
(2) The religious status prevailing in certain parts of the State is
not contrary to the provisions of the aforegoing paragraph.
(3) The text of the Holy Scriptures shall be maintained unaltered.
The official translation thereof into any other linguistic form, without
the sanction of the Autocephalous Church of Greece and the Great Church
of Christ in Constantinople, is prohibited.
Part II. Individual and Social Rights
Article 13 [Religion]
(1) The freedom of religious conscience is inviolable. The enjoyment
of civil and individual rights does not depend on the religious conviction
of each individual.
(2) Every known religion is free and the forms of worship thereof shall
be practiced without any hindrance by the State and under protection of
the law. The exercise of worship shall not contravene public order or offend
morals. Proselytizing is prohibited.
(3) The ministers of all religions are subject to the same obligations
towards the State and to the same state supervision as the ministers of
the established religion.
(4) No person shall, by reason of his religious convictions, be exempt
from discharging his obligations to the State, or refuse to comply with
(5) No oath shall be imposed without a law specifying the form thereof.
Chapter III. Regime of Mount Athos
Article 105 [Traditional Self-Government]
(1) The Athos Peninsula extending beyond Megali Vigla and constituting
the district of Mount Athos shall, in accordance with its ancient privileged
status, be a self-governing part of the Greek State whose sovereignty thereon
shall remain unaffected. Spiritually, Mount Athos shall come under the
direct jurisdiction of the Oecumenical Patriarchate. All persons residing
therein shall acquire Greek nationality upon admission as novices or monks
without any further formality.
(2) Mount Athos shall, in accordance with its regime, be governed by
its twenty Holy Monasteries, among which the entire peninsula is divided
and its territory shall be exempt from expropriation. The administration
shall be exercised by representatives of the Holy Monasteries who constitute
the Holy Community. No change whatsoever shall be permitted in the administrative
system or the number of monasteries of Mount Athos, nor in their hierarchy
and their position in regard to their dependencies. The dwelling therein
of heterodox or schismatic persons shall be prohibited.
(3) The determination in detail of the Mount Athos regimes and the
manner of operation thereof is effected by the Constitutional Charter of
Mount Athos, which, with the co-operation of the State representative,
is drawn up and voted by the twenty Holy Monasteries and ratified by the
Oecumenical Patriarchate and the Parliament of the Hellenes.
(4) The correct observance of the Mount Athos regimes shall, in the
spiritual sphere, be under the supreme supervision of the Oecumenical Patriarchate
and, in the administrative field, under the supervision of the State which
shall be exclusively responsible for safeguarding public order and security.
(5) The aforegoing powers of the State shall be exercised through a
Governor whose rights and duties shall be determined by law. A law shall
also determine the judicial power exercised by the monastic authorities
and the Holy Community, as well as the customs and taxation privileges
of Mount Athos.
Mount Athos - The
Garden of the Mother of God: A pilgrimage to the monasteries of Mount
to Mount Athos,
Dictionaries and other
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